Business Insider asked different architects to name one building which has had the greatest influence on building design, inspired them most, or which they find absolutely stunning. Here are the results.
The Parthenon in Athens, Greece.
“It’s the quintessential beautiful architectural form,” Tara Imani says. “The Corinthian columns, the use of entasis [a slight curve in columns] to make sure the columns didn’t look spindly from a distance…the siting on a hilltop — it gave us our initial ABCs of architecture that we keep trying to use and improve upon today.”Imani is the founding architect of Tara Imani Designs.
The National Congress of Brazil in Brasília.
“In 1974, my father, a scientist took our family to see the new city of Brasília. It captured the imagination of the world,” Julia Donoho says. “Planned in the shape of an airplane, Corbusian [the modern architectural style of Le Corbusier] housing blocks lined the wings like feathers, the body was filled with embassies, government buildings, cultural institutions, and a house of God.” Donoho is the principal and project lead at Equinox Design and Development.
The São Paulo Museum of Art in São Paulo, Brazil.
“It is daring,” Damaris Hollingsworth says. “Designed in 1968, it is made of concrete and glass. The main body is hung from the two beams and it barely touches the columns on the side. I also love the fact that it was designed by a woman.”Hollingsworth is the project manager for DLR Group.
The Forbidden City temple in Beijing, China.
“It has amazing scale and longevity of the design, complex structure, yet simple forms,” Rosa Sheng says. “My grandfather…explained that architecture is meant to last beyond one’s lifetime. It is a living time capsule of the culture for an entire civilization.”Sheng is a senior architect at the firm Bohlin Cywinski Jackson.
The Innovation, Science, and Technology building at Florida Polytechnic University in Lakeland.
“When I worked for Santiago Calatrava, I was part of the team that procured the Florida Polytechnic University campus project,” says Marica McKeel. ” Not only to do I love the design of the Innovation, Science and Technology building, but I feel a real connection to this project and to the Lakeland community as my father grew up in Lakeland and I still frequently visit family there.”McKeel is the principal at Studio MM.
The Hubertus House in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
“For an institution that took in and protected unmarried mothers on an equal basis, the building is equal parts playful and dignified,” Randy Deutsch says. It is “a colorful contemporary project in steel, glass and concrete that is nonetheless respectful of its more traditional neighbors.”Deutsch is the principal at Deutsch Insights and an associate professor of architecture at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
The Empire State Building in New York, New York.
“I wanted to become an architect since I was six years old in part because of this building,” says William J. Martin. “My parents would put us in the car and drive down River Road and Boulevard East [New Jersey] with expansive views of Manhattan from the back seat of our car. The antenna enhanced the value of the building … by allowing for better reception for millions of people.”Martin is the founder of WJM Architect.
The Church of the Light in Osaka, Japan.
“[Architect] Tadao Ando is able to create beautiful spaces that embody monolithic presence, spacious, simple forms with an intriguing play of light which appears to dance throughout the day,” says Frank Cunha III. “The pushing and tugging of heavy forms and open space create a very unique, magical experience.”Cunha is the CEO and principal of FC3 Architecture + Design.
The Enterprise Centre at the University of East Anglia in Norwich, UK.
The center is “a mixture of great architecture and sustainable design,” Ben Adam-Smith says. “It also sits on a campus of buildings that in their era have tried to push boundaries.”Adam-Smith is a UK-based architect and the founder of House Planning Help.
The Kimbell Art Museum in Fort Worth, Texas.
“Completed in 1974, it redefined how museums and art galleries used natural daylighting and is truly a modernist masterpiece,” Bob Borson says.Borson is the principal at Malone Maxwell Borson Architects.
Fallingwater in Mill Run, Pennsylvania.
“The rigid planes of the cantilevered balconies are pure modernist forms inserted into the heart of the forest,” says Bruce Turner. “Most importantly however, the thing that solidified this building as my favorite of all time doesn’t show up in any photos: the arrival sequence to the house. You arrive on a small country road, turn into the property, wind you way through the woods, and the house finally appears in the distance.”Turner is a freelance architect based in New Jersey.
The Barnes Foundation Museum in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
“It is highly publicized and perhaps getting too much play like a song on the radio, but when seen in person, I was truly inspired,” Lee Calisti says.Calisti is the founder of Calisti Architecture and Design.
Notre Dame du Haut in Ronchamp, France.
“The building stands boldly, innovatively, looking to the future, while also respective its place and the past,” says Jonathan R. Brown.Brown is a senior associate at JHP Architecture/Urban Design.
The Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève in Paris, France.
“Completed in 1850, it is a magical jewel box of a building,” Jared Banks says. “The gray stone classical exterior hides a cavernous light-filled reading room composed of two wrought iron barrel vaults.”Banks is an architect for Shoegnome Architects.
The Sheats Goldstein residence in Los Angeles, California.
“Known to many as ‘The Big Lebowski’ house, it’s one of those places that sits you down and makes you say ‘whoa’ because of it’s daring imagination,” Evan Troxel says.Troxel is a senior project designer at HMC Architects and co-hosts the podcast “Archispeak.”
The TWA Flight Center at JFK Airport in Jamaica, New York.
The TWA Flight Center was “designed before the age of computers and decades ahead of its time. The building uses concrete and glass to capture all of the excitement, wonder and romance of jet travel,” Joseph E David says. “At every view and every angle, there is something new to admire. 50 years after it opened, it somehow manages to feel like it’s still from the future.”
David is a New Jersey-based architect.